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ANIMAL BREEDING ACT, 2001.

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS.

   Section

PART I
PRELIMINARY.

   1.   Short title.

   2.   Commencement.

   3.   Interpretation.

PART II
THE DIRECTOR OF ANIMAL RESOURCES.

   4.   Functions of the Director.

   5.   Additional functions of the Director.

   6.   Registration.

PART III
REGULATORY AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK.

   7.   Permits for imports and exports of animal and fisheries breeds.

   8.   List of suitable breeds to be drawn and updated regularly.

   9.   Genetic materials.

   10.   Quality of semen and sperms.

   11.   Registration and regulation of breeders and their breeding stock.

   12.   Special activities of certain Commissioners in the Ministry.

PART IV
THE NATIONAL ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES CENTRE AND DATA BANK.

   13.   Establishment of the Centre and Data Bank.

   14.   Objects of the Centre.

   15.   Functions of the Centre.

   16.   Patent rights.

PART V
THE BOARD.

   17.   The Board.

   18.   Tenure of office.

   19.   Functions of the Board.

   20.   Remuneration of members of the Board.

   21.   Meetings of the Board.

PART VI
MANAGEMENT AND STAFF OF THE CENTRE.

   22.   The Executive Director.

   23.   Functions of the Director.

   24.   Other employees of the Centre.

   25.   Experts and consultants.

PART VII
FINANCIAL PROVISIONS.

   26.   Financial year of the Centre.

   27.   Funds of the Centre.

Other Financial Affairs of the Centre.

   28.   Financial status of the Centre.

   29.   Estimates of the Centre.

   30.   Borrowing powers.

   31.   Investment of surplus funds of the Centre.

   32.   Accounts of the Centre.

   33.   Audit of the Centre.

PART VIII
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES.

   34.   Sales of substandard genetic material.

   35.   Sales of genetic material under different name.

   36.   Tampering with samples.

   37.   Altering official record.

   38.   Altering documents and marks.

   39.   Additional penalties.

   40.   Offences by bodies of persons.

PART IX
MISCELLANEOUS.

   41.   Common seal of Centre.

   42.   Validity of proceedings not affected by defects.

   43.   Protection of Board members and employees.

   44.   Annual reports of Centre.

   45.   Minister's report to Parliament.

   46.   Notices to Centre.

   47.   Exemption.

   48.   Regulations.

   49.   Powers of Minister to amend Schedules.

   50.   Transfer of assets and liabilities.

   51.   Repeal of Cap. 222.

      First Schedule   Currency point.

      Second Schedule   Meetings of the Board of Directors.

      Third Schedule   List of breeds of livestock and fish that may be imported in Uganda.

      Fourth Schedule   List of prohibited hereditary defects in livestock and fish for importation into Uganda.

      Fifth Schedule   Required performance parameters of animals and fish for collection of semen and sperm.

      Sixth Schedule   Live spermatozoa in a dose of semen and number in a brood stock.

      Seventh Schedule   Fees payable for application of registration of inseminators, semen collection premises, importation and export of animal germplasm, registration of breed societies.

ANIMAL BREEDING ACT, 2001.

Commencement: 13 December, 2002.

   An Act to establish the National Animal Genetic Resources Centre and Data Bank, to provide for the promotion, regulation and control, marketing, import and export, and quality assurance of animal and fish genetic materials and generally to provide for the implementation of the national breeding policy in Uganda; to repeal and replace the Branding of Stock Act; and to provide for other matters connected with the foregoing.

PART I
PRELIMINARY.

1.   Short title.

   This Act may be cited as the Animal Breeding Act, 2001.

2.   Commencement.

   This Act shall come into force on such day as the Minister shall by statutory instrument



ANIMAL BREEDING ACT, 2001.

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS.

   Section

PART I
PRELIMINARY.

   1.   Short title.

   2.   Commencement.

   3.   Interpretation.

PART II
THE DIRECTOR OF ANIMAL RESOURCES.

   4.   Functions of the Director.

   5.   Additional functions of the Director.

   6.   Registration.

PART III
REGULATORY AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK.

   7.   Permits for imports and exports of animal and fisheries breeds.

   8.   List of suitable breeds to be drawn and updated regularly.

   9.   Genetic materials.

   10.   Quality of semen and sperms.

   11.   Registration and regulation of breeders and their breeding stock.

   12.   Special activities of certain Commissioners in the Ministry.

PART IV
THE NATIONAL ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES CENTRE AND DATA BANK.

   13.   Establishment of the Centre and Data Bank.

   14.   Objects of the Centre.

   15.   Functions of the Centre.

   16.   Patent rights.

PART V
THE BOARD.

   17.   The Board.

   18.   Tenure of office.

   19.   Functions of the Board.

   20.   Remuneration of members of the Board.

   21.   Meetings of the Board.

PART VI
MANAGEMENT AND STAFF OF THE CENTRE.

   22.   The Executive Director.

   23.   Functions of the Director.

   24.   Other employees of the Centre.

   25.   Experts and consultants.

PART VII
FINANCIAL PROVISIONS.

   26.   Financial year of the Centre.

   27.   Funds of the Centre.

Other Financial Affairs of the Centre.

   28.   Financial status of the Centre.

   29.   Estimates of the Centre.

   30.   Borrowing powers.

   31.   Investment of surplus funds of the Centre.

   32.   Accounts of the Centre.

   33.   Audit of the Centre.

PART VIII
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES.

   34.   Sales of substandard genetic material.

   35.   Sales of genetic material under different name.

   36.   Tampering with samples.

   37.   Altering official record.

   38.   Altering documents and marks.

   39.   Additional penalties.

   40.   Offences by bodies of persons.

PART IX
MISCELLANEOUS.

   41.   Common seal of Centre.

   42.   Validity of proceedings not affected by defects.

   43.   Protection of Board members and employees.

   44.   Annual reports of Centre.

   45.   Minister's report to Parliament.

   46.   Notices to Centre.

   47.   Exemption.

   48.   Regulations.

   49.   Powers of Minister to amend Schedules.

   50.   Transfer of assets and liabilities.

   51.   Repeal of Cap. 222.

      First Schedule   Currency point.

      Second Schedule   Meetings of the Board of Directors.

      Third Schedule   List of breeds of livestock and fish that may be imported in Uganda.

      Fourth Schedule   List of prohibited hereditary defects in livestock and fish for importation into Uganda.

      Fifth Schedule   Required performance parameters of animals and fish for collection of semen and sperm.

      Sixth Schedule   Live spermatozoa in a dose of semen and number in a brood stock.

      Seventh Schedule   Fees payable for application of registration of inseminators, semen collection premises, importation and export of animal germplasm, registration of breed societies.

ANIMAL BREEDING ACT, 2001.

Commencement: 13 December, 2002.

   An Act to establish the National Animal Genetic Resources Centre and Data Bank, to provide for the promotion, regulation and control, marketing, import and export, and quality assurance of animal and fish genetic materials and generally to provide for the implementation of the national breeding policy in Uganda; to repeal and replace the Branding of Stock Act; and to provide for other matters connected with the foregoing.

PART I
PRELIMINARY.

1.   Short title.

   This Act may be cited as the Animal Breeding Act, 2001.

2.   Commencement.

   This Act shall come into force on such day as the Minister shall by statutory instrument* appoint.

3.   Interpretation.

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

   "NARO" means the National Agricultural Research Organisation established by the National Agricultural Research Organisation Statute;

   "Official Veterinarian" means a veterinary officer duly registered with the Veterinary Board and employed in government service;

   "policy" means the National Animal Breeding Policy approved and adopted by government for implementation of the animal genetic improvement programme in Uganda;

   "programme" means the Action Plan for the implementation of the National Animal Breeding Policy in Uganda formulated by the government as amended from time to time with the approval of government;

   "poultry" means all domestic or domesticated fowls, ducks, geese, turkey, guinea fowl, pea-fowl, pheasants, pigeons, ornamental or caged birds, ostriches;

   "semen" means the prepared or diluted ejaculate of a farm animal;

   "semen collection centre" means an officially approved and supervised establishment situated in Uganda or any other country in which semen is produced for use in Artificial Insemination;

   "stock" means cattle, sheep, goats, horses mules, donkeys, swine, rabbits, guinea pigs, camels and poultry;

   "strip" means artificially removed eggs and sperms from mature fish;

   "Veterinary Officer" means any person or class of persons registered as a veterinary surgeon by the Veterinary Board.

PART II
THE DIRECTOR OF ANIMAL RESOURCES.

4.   Functions of the Director.

   The Director shall have functions in animal genetics—

   (a)   to ensure the effective and efficient implementation of the policy aimed at achieving a sustainable increase in the productivity of farm animals;

   (b)   to ensure animal based national food security and socioeconomic development;

   (c)   to determine priorities for animal breeding and research in relation to the economic and social policies of the Government;

   (d)   to ensure the effective and efficient implementation of all aspects of the programme;

   (e)   to advise government and make such recommendations to government as he or she may consider necessary on the financial, human and other resource requirements for implementing the programme;

   (f)   to promote optimum animal genetic resource management, conservation and sustainable use, commensurate with Uganda's needs and environmental protection;

   (g)   to promote the production of farm animals and their products for export;

   (h)   to promote and encourage optimal utilisation of the adapted and resistant indigenous breeds, and the development and use of animal genetic resources that are relatively more tolerant to disease and environmental stress;

   (i)   to formulate and enforce regulations and guidelines relating to the regulation of breeding, processing of semen and other genetic materials, storage, distribution, marketing, import and export and use in the public and private sector and;

   (j)   to provide standards for herd recording, progene testing stud book and pedigree certification;

   (k)   to do any other thing incidental to and related to the foregoing.

5.   Additional functions of the Director.

   In carrying out of the functions under section 4 of this Act the Director shall carry out the following additional functions—

   (a)   develop, promote and regulate animal breeding and reproduction, and coordinate and monitor the appropriate use of genetic resources in Uganda;

   (b)   establish and identify the animal and fish breeds needed to ensure that improved animal production is met as economically as possible;

   (c)   promote, control and regulate the importation, exportation, sale and distribution of animal breeds and trade in genetic materials which shall include semen, ova, eggs and embryo;

   (d)   develop and formulate regulations governing artificial insemination and embryo transfer techniques regarding qualifications and required standards;

   (e)   promote and encourage scientific knowledge and conservation of animal breeds and genetic materials;

   (f)   promote, encourage and regulate training and schools specialised in animal breeding and genetic resource management;

   (g)   approve applications by animal breeders and breeding centres or places where breeding shall be permitted; and issue permits.

   (h)   register and certify all animal breeds, breeders and breeding centres;

   (i)   mobilise resources for animal breeding;

   (j)   publish the Animal Breeding and Production Bulletin and any other information materials; and

   (k)   perform any other function that is connected to the objects and purposes of this Act or may be directed to be performed by the Minister.

6.   Registration.

   (1) The Commissioner, Animal Production and Marketing in the Ministry shall be responsible for registration of animal genetic resources and related activities.

   (2) The functions referred to in subsection (1) of this section include the following—

   (a)   the registration and certification of all breeds and animal genetic resources in Uganda;

   (b)   the registration and certification of animal breeders or associations or both;

   (c)   the registration and certification of artificial insemination technicians and inovulators;

   (d)   registration and issue of licences for animal breeding training schools and institutes;

   (e)   registration and issue of animal brands;

   (f)   performance of any other function as may be recommended by the Minister.

   (3) The Commissioner, Animal Production and Marketing may delegate any of his or her functions under this Act and may at any time revoke or vary the delegation; except that no such delegation shall be deemed to divest the Commissioner of any of his or her functions.

   (4) The Commissioner, Fisheries Resources shall register fish breeding and related activities.

PART III
REGULATORY AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK.

7.   Permits for imports and exports of animal and fisheries breeds.

   No imports or exports of animal breeds and genetic material shall be done without first obtaining a permit from the Commissioner, Livestock Health and Entomology.

8.   List of suitable breeds to be drawn and updated regularly.

   (1) The list in the Third Schedule to this Act shall be the official list of suitable breeds for wide-spread use.

   (2) The list will be updated regularly by the Executive Director.

   (3) Any breed not appearing on the list shall only be allowed into the country for restricted use on designated locations and experimental stations or specialised production units approved by the Director.

   (4) All imports and exports shall be sanctioned by the Director based on verified documentary evidence of the material being free of the disease agents and prohibited hereditary defects as specified in the Fourth Schedule to this Act.

9.   Genetic materials.

   (1) A sample of all genetic materials namely—

   (a)   semen;

   (b)   ova;

   (c)   eggs; and

   (d)   embryos.

shall be submitted to a national depository for examination and future reference.

   (2) All new genetic materials shall conform to the national bio-safety standards as set by the Uganda National Council of Science and Technology (UNCST) and the Uganda National Bureau of Standards (UNBS).

   (3) A satisfactory genetic impact statement shall be provided by the promoter to the Centre and other designated offices.

   (4) All genetic material developed in Uganda shall be patented and protected under the provisions of the National and International Intellectual property rights.

   (5) Imported and locally produced genetic material shall be strictly screened to conform to quality and performance standards established by the Director.

   (6) The seller of animal genetic material to be used for breeding purposes, shall show proof of the quality of the product to the prospective buyer, by indicating the performance and parameters of the animals in issue which parameters shall conform to the performance parameters contained in the Fifth Schedule to this Act.

10.   Quality of semen and sperms.

   For the avoidance of doubt, the prescribed minimum amount of spermatozoa in a dose of semen shall be the one specified in the Sixth Schedule of this Act.

11.   Registration and regulation of breeders and their breeding stock.

   (1) The Commissioner, Animal Production and Marketing shall establish a system of record keeping, breed registration, and registration and regulation of breeders and their breeding stock, for effective information dissemination.

   (2) The following shall register with the Commissioner, Animal Production and Marketing on payment of the prescribed fee contained in the Seventh Schedule to this Act—

   (a)   inseminators;

   (b)   semen collection premises;

   (c)   importers and exporters of germplasm;

   (d)   breed associations and breed societies;

   (e)   animals and their brands;

   (f)   breeding farms;

   (g)   breeders;

   (h)   embryo transfer technicians;

   (i)   premises for embryo transfer;

   (j)   inovulators;

   (k)   training institutes relevant to animal breeding;

   (l)   hatcheries;

   (m)   animal genetic engineering premises; and

   (n)   any other thing or transaction deemed necessary under this Act.

   (3) Applications for—

   (a)   registration as an inseminator, embryo transferor or inovulator;

   (b)   registration of premises as centres;

shall be in accordance with the regulations made under section 48 to this Act.

   (4) The Director shall review and approve national quality and performance standards with regard to animal genetic resources.

12.   Special activities of certain Commissioners in the Ministry.

   (1) The Commissioner, Animal Production and Marketing, shall have the following responsibilities—

   (a)   overall policy guidance on animal production;

   (b)   training of staff and farmers;

   (c)   monitoring of animal production activities;

   (d)   encouraging formation of animal products marketing groups or associations; and

   (e)   compiling and disseminating market information especially of animal products.

   (2) The Commissioner, Livestock, Health and Entomology shall, in addition to his or her other functions under the Ministry carry out the following activities—

   (a)   control of endemic and epidemic disease in livestock;

   (b)   supervise the establishment and maintenance of disease-free zones; and

   (c)   supervise ethical performance of veterinary practitioners.

   (d)   issue import and export permits for animal breeds and genetic materials.

   (3) The Commissioner, Fisheries Resources, shall have the following responsibilities—

   (a)   overall policy guidance on fish production;

   (b)   training of staff and farmers;

   (c)   monitoring of fish production activities;

   (d)   encouraging formation of fish products marketing groups or associations;

   (e)   compile and disseminate market information of fish products; and

   (f)   issue import and export permits for fish breeds and gene

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