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DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES ACT.

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS.

   Section

   1.   Articles to have the force of law.

   2.   International organisations.

 

      Schedule   Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.

 

CHAPTER 201
DIPLOMATIC PRIVILEGES ACT.

Commencement: 25 May, 1965.

   An Act to enable effect to be given to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations signed on the 18th"> day of April, 1961, and for other purposes connected therewith.

 

1.   Articles to have the force of law.

   Articles 22, 23, 24 and 27 to 40 of the Vienna Convention shall have the force of law and references in those articles to the receiving State shall, for this purpose, be construed as references to the Republic of Uganda.

 

2.   International organisations.

   The President may, by statutory instrument, make regulations extending any or all of the immunities and privileges conferred on diplomatic agents by virtue of this Act to prescribed organisations and prescribed representatives and officials, subject to such conditions and limitations as may be prescribed.

 

Schedule.

s. 1.

VIENNA CONVENTION ON DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS.

   THE STATES PARTIES TO THE PRESENT CONVENTION,

   Recalling that peoples of all nations from ancient times have recognized the status of diplomatic agents,

   Having in mind the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations concerning the sovereign equality of States, the maintenance of international peace and security, and the promotion of friendly relations among nations,

   Believing that an international convention on diplomatic intercourse, privileges and immunities would contribute to the development of friendly relations among nations, irrespective of their differing constitutional and social systems,

   Realizing that the purpose of such privileges and immunities is not to benefit individuals but to sure the efficient performance of the functions of diplomatic missions as representing States,

   Affirming that the rules of customary international law should continue to govern questions not expressly regulated by the provisions of the present Convention,

   Have agreed as follows:

 

Article 1.

   For the purpose of the present Convention, the following expressions shall have the meaning hereunder assigned to them:

   (a)   the "head of the mission" is the person charged by the sending State with the duty of acting in that capacity;

   (b)   the "members of the mission" are the head of the mission and the members of the staff of the mission;

   (c)   the "members of the staff of the mission" are the members of the diplomatic staff, of the administrative and technical staff and of the service staff of the mission;

   (d)   the "members of the diplomatic staff" are the members of the staff of the mission having diplomatic rank;

   (e)   a "diplomatic agent" is the head of the mission or a member of the diplomatic staff of the mission;

   (f)   the "members of the administrative and technical staff" are the members of the staff of the mission employed in the administrative and technical service of the mission;

   (g)   the "members of the service staff" are the members of the staff of the mission in the domestic service of the mission;

   (h)   a "private servant" is a person who is in the domestic service of a member of the mission and who is not an employee of the sending State;

   (i)   the "premises of the mission" are the buildings or parts of buildings and the land ancillary thereto, irrespective of ownership, used for the purposes of the mission including the residence of the head of the mission.

Article 2.

   The establishment of diplomatic relations between States, and of permanent diplomatic missions, takes place by mutual consent.

 

Article 3.

1.   The functions of a diplomatic mission consist inter alia in:

   (a)   representing the sending State in the receiving State;

   (b)   protecting in the receiving State the interests of the sending State and of its nationals, within the limits permitted by international law;

   (c)   negotiating with the Government of the receiving State;

   (d)   ascertaining by all lawful means conditions and developments in the receiving State, and reporting thereon to the Government of the sending State;

   (e)   promoting friendly relations between the sending State and the receiving State, and developing their economic, cultural and scientific relations.

2.   Nothing in the present Convention shall be construed as preventing the performance of consular functions by a diplomatic mission.

 

Article 4.

1.   The sending State must make certain that the agrément of the receiving State has been given for the person it proposes to accredit as head of the mission to that State.

2.   The receiving State is not obliged to give reasons to the sending State for a refusal of agrément.

 

Article 5.

1.   The sending State may, after it has given due notification to the receiving States concerned, accredit a head of mission or assign any member of the diplomatic staff, as the case may be, to more than one State, unless there is express objection by any of the receiving States.

2.   If the sending State accredits a head of mission to one or more other States it may establish a diplomatic mission headed by a chargé d'affaires ad interim in each State where the head of mission has not his permanent seat.

3.   The head of mission or any member of the diplomatic staff of the mission may act as representative of the sending State to any international organization.

 

Article 6.

   Two or more States may accredit the same person as head of mission to another State, unless objection is offered by the receiving State.

 

Article 7.

   Subject to the provisions of Articles 5, 8, 9 and 11, the sending State may freely appoint the members of the staff of the mission. In the case of military, naval or air attachés, the receiving State may require their names to be submitted beforehand, for its approval.

 

Article 8.

1.   Members of the diplomatic staff of the mission should in principle be of the nationality of the sending State.

2.   Members of the diplomatic staff of the mission may not be appointed from among persons having the nationality of the receiving State, except with the consent of that State which may be withdrawn at any time.

3.   The receiving State may reserve the same right with regard to nationals of a third State who are not also nationals of the sending State.

 

Article 9.

1.   The receiving State may at any time and without having to explain its decision, notify the sending State that the head of the mission or any member of the diplomatic staff of the mission is persona non grata or that any other member of the staff of the mission is not acceptable. In any such case, the sending State shall, as appropriate, either recall the person concerned or terminate his functions with the mission. A person may be declared non grata or not acceptable before arriving in the territory of the receiving State.

2.   If the sending State refuses or fails within a reasonable period to carry out its obligations under paragraph 1 of this Article, the receiving State may refuse to recognise the person concerned as a member of the mission.

 

Article 10.

1.   The Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the receiving State, or such other ministry as may be agreed, shall be notified of:

   (a)   the appointment of members of the mission, their arrival and their final departure or the termination of their functions with the mission;

   (b)   the arrival and final departure of a person belonging to the family of a member of the mission and, where appropriate, the fact that a person becomes or ceases to be a member of the family of a member of the mission;

   (c)   the arrival and final departure of private servants in the employ of persons referred to in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph and, where appropriate, the fact that they are leaving the employ of such persons;

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