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   1.   Citation.

   2.   Interpretation.

   3.   Purpose of this Act.

   4.   Objects of agricultural research.


   5.   Establishment of the National Agricultural Research Organisation.

   6.   Object of the Organisation.

   7.   Functions of the Organisation.

   8.   Other functions of the Organisation.

   9.   The members of the council.

   10.   Disqualification from appointment as member of the council.

   11.   Tenure of office of council members.

   12.   Remuneration of council members.

   13.   Meetings of the members of the council.

   14.   Functions of the council.

   15.   Secretariat and staff of Organisation.

   16.   Functions of director general.

   17.   Vacation of office by the director general.

   18.   Other staff.

   19.   Committees of the council.

   20.   The finance, scientific and users committees.


   21.   Provision of agricultural research services.

   22.   Common function of agricultural research service providers.

   23.   Registering of agricultural research service providers.

   24.   Guidelines for carrying out agricultural research.

   25.   Contracting of agricultural research service providers.

   26.   Functions of universities and tertiary institutions.

   27.   Functions of the private sector and civil society organisations.


   28.   Establishment of public agricultural research institutes.

   29.   Operations of a public agricultural research Institute.

   30.   Establishment of other public agricultural research institutes.

   31.   Functions of a public agricultural research institute.

   32.   Composition of a management committee of a public agricultural research institute.

   33.   Functions of the management committee.

   34.   Tenure of office of the management committee.

   35.   Remuneration of the management committee.

   36.   Funds of a public agricultural research institute.

   37.   Meetings of the management committee.


   38.   Farmers' fora and other farmers' groups or organisations.


   39.   Rights of patents, invention etc.

   40.   Amendment of the Patents Act, Cap 216.


   41.   Agricultural Research Trust Fund.

   42.   Utilisation of the Agricultural Research Trust Fund.

   43.   Funds of the organisation.

   44.   Estimates.

   45.   Use of Funds.

   46.   Financial year.

   47.   Books of account.

   48.   Duty to operate on sound financial principles.

   49.   Power to open and operate bank accounts.

   50.   Borrowing powers.

   51.   Annual and other reports.

   52.   Accounting officers.


   53.   Official seal of the organisation.

   54.   Powers of the Minister.

   55.   Service of documents.

   56.   Protection of members and employees.

   57.   Regulations.

   58.   Delegations.

   59.   Transfer of assets and liabilities.

   60.   Succession.

   61.   Amendment of Schedules.

   62.   Repeal and savings, Cap. 205.

      First Schedule   Currency Point.

      Second Schedule   Meetings of the Council.

      Third Schedule   Public Agricultural Research Institutes.

      Fourth Schedule   Meetings of the Management Committee.

      Fifth Schedule   Composition of Interviewing Panel.


Commencement: 21 November, 2005.

   An Act to provide for the development of an agricultural research system for Uganda for the purpose of improving agricultural research services delivery, financing and management; establishment of a National Agricultural Research Organisation with its governing council and as body corporate to serve as the apex body for guidance and coordination of all agricultural research activities in the national agricultural research system, to repeal the National Agricultural Research Organisation Act and to provide for other related and incidental matters.


1.   Citation.

   This Act may be cited as the National Agricultural Research Act.

2.   Interpretation.

   In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

   "adaptive research" means research designed to solve a specific problem for a specific decision maker or research designed to adjust a technology to specific environmental conditions, including the selecting or customising of technologies, processes, or knowledge to suit the needs of users in a specific location;

   "agriculture" means the management and utilisation of natural resources to produce food, drink, fibre, wood and other products;

   "agricultural" means the various kinds of activities and jobs or work connected, associated or based on agriculture;

   "agriculturalist" means a person involved in the profession dedicated to the harnessing of plants and animals for food, drink, fibre, wood and other products and educating people how to do it for human use;

   "agricultural product" means any plant or animal product or such other product as may be declared to be an agricultural product by the Minister for the purposes of this Act;

   "agricultural research" means the furtherance, accumulation and improvement of knowledge in the agricultural and related sciences through original and other investigations and methods of a scientific or indigenous nature into the production, treatment or handling of an agricultural product, including research required for a better understanding of the process involved in or the environment necessary for the production of an agricultural product with the advancement of agriculture as its object;

   "agricultural research service provider" means any person whether in the public or private sector who conducts or manages agricultural research in accordance with this Act; and includes a public agricultural research institute, universities, tertiary institutions, farmers groups, civil society organisations, private sector organisations and any other entity as may be determined by the council;

   "applied research" means research on a subject with a broad range of problems facing a society as a whole or research that creates new technologies;

   "basic research" means research designed to improve a discipline and advance the frontiers of knowledge or research that creates new scientific knowledge and may consist of research to develop or improve theories, techniques or measurements with known or unknown relevance;

   "chairperson" means the chairperson of the council appointed under section 9;

   "council" means the governing body of the National Agricultural Research Organisation;

   "currency point" has the value given to it in the First Schedule to this Act;

   "development" means the activities by which knowledge acquired through research is scaled up and utilised;

   "director general" means the director general appointed under section 15;

   "farmer" means a person who gathers or raises plants, livestock, poultry and fish as food, drink, wood, fibre and other products for human use;

   "farmers' fora" means institutions comprising of democratically elected representatives from farmers' groups at the subcounty, district or national level;

   "farmers' organisations" means organisations recognised by the council and are formed by those engaged in either production or processing or marketing of a specific agricultural commodity;

   "farmer groups" means groups constituted by farmers who have common agricultural interests and is recognised by the council;

   "Fund" means the Fund established under section 41;

   "industry" means any enterprise involved in the processing of agricultural products in such fields as shall be approved in accordance with this Act;

   "innovative agricultural research" means agricultural research that may not be considered immediately relevant but which may open up opportunities for the future and is funded under the innovative fund;

   "invention" includes the development, in whatever way, of new animal breeds, plant cultivators and other organisms living or nonliving;

   "management committee" means the management committee of a public agricultural research institute;

   "Minister" means the Minister to whom the President has assigned responsibility for agricultural research;

   "NAADS" means the National Agricultural Advisory Services established by the National Agricultural Advisory Services Act;

   "national agricultural research system" means a cross section of stakeholders whether in public or private sector; and comprises of the organisation, public agricultural research institutes, universities and other tertiary institutions, farmer groups, civil society organisation, private sector and any other entity engaged in the provision of agricultural research services;

   "national strategic research" means research responding to national research questions or priorities and identifying the processes, principles and technological elements required for successful adaptation of technologies and increasing the efficiency of applied and adaptive research;

   "organisation" means the National Agricultural Research Organisation established under section 5;

   "private agricultural research" means research that focuses largely on technological innovations that enable inventors, agricultural research service providers, private firms and others to capture all or some of the economic benefits generated by their innovation;

   "public agricultural research" means research that focuses on public interests and research outputs of public goods nature;

   "public agricultural research institute" means a public agricultural research institute established under section 28;

   "research of national strategic interest" means agricultural research that Uganda cannot rely on third parties to conduct;

   "technology transfer" means the transfer of knowledge, techniques and processes for their application; and

   "zonal agricultural research and development institute" means a zonal agricultural research and development institute established under section 28.

3.   Purpose of this Act.

   The purpose of this Act is to—

   (a)   create an integrated agricultural research system that will facilitate the achievement of sustainable increases in economic, social and environmental benefits from agricultural research services and products by all the people of Uganda;

   (b)   provide for a market responsive and client oriented national agricultural research system that generates knowledge and information, and disseminates demand driven problem solving, profitable and environmentally sound technologies on a sustainable basis;

   (c)   create options for financing and delivery of agricultural research services appropriate for the different categories of farmers and market needs of Uganda;

   (d)   facilitate the involvement of the private sector, universities, the civil society and others in the governance, financing, management and conduct of agricultural research;

   (e)   provide innovative mechanisms for allocation and execution of agricultural research contracts including devolution of responsibilities for contracting of agricultural research to client led organs and the provision of agricultural research services to the most competent agricultural research service providers;

   (f)   provide for the continued public sector participation in the governance, financing, management and conduct of agricultural research;

   (g)   provide for coordination of implementation of agricultural research activities either singly or jointly, with one or more agricultural research service providers;

   (h)   promote linkages, partnerships and collaboration among various categories of agricultural research service providers whether public, private, local, regional or international in the conduct, financing and development of agricultural research in Uganda; and

   (i)   provide for sustainable institutional arrangements for the governance, financing, management and conduct of agricultural research in Uganda.

4.   Objects of agricultural research.

   The objects of agricultural research in Uganda are to—

   (a)   transform agricultural production into a modern science based market oriented agriculture capable of greater efficiency, profitability and of sustaining growth in the agricultural sector while contributing to poverty eradication;

   (b)   promote agriculture and related industry for the purposes of contributing to the improvement of the quality of life and livelihoods of the people, having regard to the protection of the environment; and

   (c)   support the development and implementation of national policy with relevant information and knowledge.


5.   Establishment of the National Agricultural Research Organisation.

   (1) There is established an organisation to be known as the National Agricultural Research Organisation.

   (2) The organisation is a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal and may—

   (a)   acquire, hold and dispose of movable and immovable property;

   (b)   sue and be sued in its corporate name; and

   (c)   do all other things as a body corporate may lawfully do.

   (3) The organisation shall comprise the council as its governing body, committees of the council as its specialised organs, a secretariat for its day-to-day operations with the semi autonomous public agricultural research institutes under its policy guidance.

6.   Object of the organisation.

   The organisation shall be the principal institution for the coordination and oversight of all aspects of agricultural research in Uganda.

7.   Functions of the organisation.

   (1) The functions of the organisation shall be to—

   (a)   provide strategic direction for publicly funded agricultural research in Uganda and act as a forum for agricultural researchers in Uganda;

   (b)   coordinate and oversee, in collaboration with the Uganda National Council for Science and Technology and other lead agencies, the development, consolidation and implementation of agricultural research policy and national research strategies, plans and budgets relating to publicly funded agricultural research;

   (c)   set national priorities and harmonise agricultural research activities of the national agricultural research system, constituent institutions and public agricultural research institutes, civil society organisation, private sectors and farmer organisations and promote delivery of quality and efficient agricultural research services;

   (d)   advise and coordinate formulation of policy and legislative proposals, research standards, codes of ethics, conduct and practice; and guidelines for delivery of agricultural research services;

   (e)   provide guidelines, guidance and ensure delivery of quality agricultural research by agricultural research service providers;

   (f)   in collaboration with other relevant agencies, provide policy guidance to local governments on matters relating to agricultural research;

   (g)   carry out monitoring and evaluation of national agricultural research programmes, projects and activities to ensure adherence to the set work plans, standards and regulations;

   (h)   mobilise funds for agricultural research and manage the agricultural research trust fund including raising funds for research of national strategic interest;

   (i)   coordinate and promote cooperation and collaboration between Uganda and other countries, institutions, scientific or professional societies and other agricultural research service providers, with regard to agricultural research, development and technology transfer in the agricultural sector so as to optimally utilise agricultural resources and improve production capacity of such resources;

   (j)   provide leadership and advocacy for the promotion, protection and development of agricultural research in Uganda;

   (k)   make grants or provide funds to any institution or person for the advancement of agricultural research and development on both competitive and noncompetitive basis; and

   (l)   perform such other functions as are conferred on the organisation by this Act or any other law for the purpose of promoting agricultural research and development.

   (2) In carrying out its functions as a forum for agricultural researchers in Uganda, the organisation shall convene a meeting at least once a year of representatives of agricultural research service providers, farmers, private sector and civil society and other stakeholders for the purpose of discussing issues relevant to agricultural research and setting agricultural research priorities.

8.   Other functions of the organisation.

   The organisation shall, in addition to its functions, in section 7, and subject to its objects—

   (a)   advise the Minister on research, development and technology transfer in the field of agriculture;

   (b)   coordinate, collect, collate and analyse data and information on agricultural research and ensure their publication and dissemination, and take inventory of all agricultural research in Uganda;

   (c)   inspect facilities and any area where agricultural research is being carried out or intended to be carried ou

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